Science is a broad term that can be used to refer to a wide range of subjects, which are interrelated in interpretation. This name is generally used for studies done on physical or social phenomenon based on concrete evidence. Research is usually done to pursue information that is meant to solve a problem facing humanity both physically plus socially. You’ll probably realize that most kids have the dream of becoming a scientist when they grow up. As you grow up, you’ll realize that there is a need to specialize in one field of research since you cannot concentrate on everything. Science is broad though most individuals usually base it only on medical and biological fields. The basis of science is to simply explain how things operate using evidence rather than belief.
There is a criterion of collecting plus analyzing data that is later presented using a given format. It has taken time for science to develop with subsequent discoveries being made with time, there is always something new to research about. Technological advancement is credited fully to quality research done by individuals who have dedicated their time to study in labs. Everything on earth is related, and each field of science is associated with the other to create a critical balance that supports life. The main aim of science is to improve people’s lives, though if used wrongly can lead to devastating effects. Universities in each country are stressing the need for students to take scientific-related subjects. Before you settle on any field, it’s good to understand the available choices.
Grouping scientific types into small classes can be hard, the list is infinite with hundreds of small subjects. All these are however classified broadly into at least four major groups that give a clearer approach. The major categories include physical sciences, earth sciences, social sciences plus life sciences. Remember that this list is not exhaustive since there are other smaller sub-topics. Life sciences consist of disciplines that major in all organisms that have life. Here, you’ll find subjects dealing with plants, commonly called botany, human beings which are covered under medicine plus animal science which falls under veterinary study. Under these broad subjects, there are smaller areas of specialization that a scientist should focus on, for instance, in human medicine, a doctor can specialize in fields like pulmonology, neurology plus others depending on their personal tastes.
Another broad category is the physical sciences, and just like the name suggests it involves research of lifeless objects. It is under this classification that physics and chemical study falls. Physical sciences contain fields like astronomy, geology, chemistry, and physics. Astronomy simply involves natural objects that affect human life on earth like stars, the moon plus other space objects. Those who find themselves in this area usually spend a good time both on earth and in space which can be adventurous also. Chemistry involves studies that are related to chemical behavior, patterns plus reaction properties of elements. Their work is useful to the manufacturing industry plus the food industry since most products are chemical-based.
Closely related but different from chemistry is physics, a subject that most students interact with in high school. Physic concerns itself mainly with energy and its relationship with matter. Here, you’ll find topics like sound, dynamics, heat, kinetics, mechanics, avionics plus others that are vital for human survival. Grand civil projects plus gains in the engineering world are credited to physics. Earth sciences are closely related to physical sciences, but they are distinguished since they mainly focus on natural activities that the planet undergoes. It involves the study of natural activities like tremors, forces in water bodies, air plus the soil.
Social science is the other major type that was initially ignored as other types grew. This category is concerned with human behavior plus their interactions with the environment which includes their fellow mates plus the natural and artificial objects. It was adopted to create a harmony that will bring the rest of the sciences closer to humanity. Social scientists study people’s behavior trends that can be helpful in informing the tech approach. For instance, before a massive project is embarked on, a social scientist may be involved to cater for humanistic needs.